Fraud Blocker
Riverview Decks Logo

A Quick Guide To Deck Framing

Building a deck is an exciting venture that opens up a world of possibilities for creating the perfect outdoor oasis. However, a sturdy and reliable deck requires a solid foundation, and that’s where deck framing comes into play.

In this guide, we’ll take you through each step of the deck framing process, from understanding the essential components to selecting the right materials and mastering proper techniques.

Whether you’re a seasoned DIY enthusiast or a first-time deck builder, our easy-to-follow instructions and expert tips will equip you with the knowledge to construct a deck that stands the test of time.

A small elevated deck frame made of metal and aluminum railing

What Is Deck Framing

Deck framing refers to constructing and assembling the structural framework that supports a deck’s surface or decking boards.

It involves arranging various components, such as deck joists, rim joists, support posts, beams, and ledger boards, to create a stable and sturdy foundation for the deck.

Deck framing is a critical step in the deck building process, as it provides the structural integrity and support necessary to ensure the safety and longevity of the deck. Properly constructed deck framing is essential for creating a solid and reliable outdoor space that can withstand various weather conditions and loads.

This includes the posts, beams, and rim joist that will hold up the decking surface. Deck framing can be done with either wood or metal framing members. The frame is where the deck boards are installed, and it’s attached to the house with a ledger board.

Benefits of Solid Deck Framing

Having solid deck framing is essential for creating a deck that stands strong, endures the elements, and enhances your outdoor living experience. The benefits of a well-built foundation include increased safety, durability, and support for custom designs.
A deck with solid framing provides a robust and stable foundation for the entire structure. It ensures that your deck can bear the weight of outdoor furniture, accessories, and occupants without compromising its structural integrity. With solid deck framing, you can enjoy peace of mind knowing that your deck is safe and secure.
Well-built deck framing using quality materials contributes to the longevity and durability of your deck. Properly installed framing can withstand the elements and natural wear and tear, reducing the risk of premature decay or damage. Investing in solid deck framing means enjoying your outdoor space for many years to come.
Whether you envision a large multi-level deck or a unique design with intricate features, solid framing provides the flexibility to support your custom deck plans. With a strong foundation in place, you can explore various design options, creating a deck that perfectly complements your home and outdoor lifestyle.
Different decking materials, such as wood, composite, or PVC, have specific load-bearing requirements. Solid deck framing allows you to confidently use a wide range of decking materials, providing ample support and stability for your chosen surface.

A solidly framed deck ensures the safety of everyone who uses it. It minimizes the risk of sagging, warping, or shifting, which can lead to accidents or injuries. By adhering to building codes and industry standards during the framing process, you create a secure and hazard-free outdoor space.

A well-built deck frame facilitates deck maintenance tasks. With the assurance of stable framing, you can efficiently clean and maintain your deck’s surface, preventing debris buildup and extending the life of your decking material.

How To Frame A Deck

Framing your deck is critical to the construction process, determining the structure’s stability and longevity. With this easy-to-follow guide, we aim to make deck framing more comprehensible, even for those new to the world of deck building.
A concrete deck block with a piece of lumber

Best Materials For Different Deck Framing Parts

When you want to build a deck, choosing the right materials for deck framing is crucial. The following are some of the best materials commonly used for different components of deck framing:
A deck builder installing a composite deck that resembles the wood grain

Deck Framing FAQs

he 3 4 5 rule in deck building is a simple technique to ensure that the corners of a deck are square and that the deck frame is properly aligned. To apply the rule, measure three feet along one ledger board and mark it, then measure four feet along the other ledger board from the same starting point and mark it. The distance between the two marks should be exactly five feet if the deck frame is square. Adjust the frame as needed until the 3-4-5 measurement is achieved, ensuring the deck corners are at right angles.

The choice between 2×6 and 2×8 deck joists depends on the specific requirements of your deck. 2×6 joists are generally suitable for most decks with standard loads and spans. They are a cost-effective option and work well for small to medium-sized decks.

However, if your deck will carry heavier loads or require longer spans, 2×8 joists may be a better choice. The larger size provides increased strength and stability, accommodating greater weight and longer distances between support points.

The spacing for deck framing, particularly for joists, depends on various factors such as the decking material, load requirements, and local building codes.

As a general guideline, standard wood decking typically requires joists to be spaced at 16 inches on center for optimal support and stability. However, different decking materials may have specific spacing requirements, so it’s essential to refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations.

For heavy loads or special conditions, closer joist spacing may be necessary. Always adhere to local building codes to ensure compliance with safety standards in your area.

Let The Experts Deal With Deck Framing

Building the framing for your deck is a crucial step that requires precision, knowledge, and experience. We encourage you to leave this task to our skilled professionals to ensure a sturdy and long-lasting foundation for your dream deck.

Our team has extensive experience in deck framing, using the right materials, and adhering to local building codes to create a structure that stands the test of time.

Save yourself the hassle and potential pitfalls of DIY framing, and let us bring your vision to life with our top-notch craftsmanship. Contact us today at (865) 801-4545 to discuss your deck installation needs and embark on an exciting journey to transform your outdoor space into a breathtaking retreat.